Jungle Fever (1991)
Jungle Fever takes place in New York in the nineties. Flipper, a black architect who is married and has a young daughter, has a brief affair with Angie, his white secretary. When the relationship is discovered their friends and families are outraged. The consequences are devastating for both of them.
But this is not your typical Hollywood drama. Writer/director Spike Lee doesn’t make simple movies with tidy resolutions. His characters are not isolated individuals living in a Hollywood fantasy. They are flesh and blood people who live in real places, and their lives are inextricably linked to the world that’s spinning around them. Even though the lovers meet in an office in Manhattan, the film really revolves around the communities they live in. Flipper’s home is in a middle-class neighborhood in Harlem, where he enjoys a happy, stable life with his wife and daughter. Angie lives in Bensonhurst, a working class Italian-American community. On top of her job as a temp, she also cooks and cleans for her father and brothers.
In Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner, the message is that an interracial relationship can work, that love conquers all. Not in Jungle Fever. However much Flipper and Angie may care about each other, they can’t escape the worlds they live in. For Flipper’s wife Drew, it’s not just that he cheated on her with any woman. Being biracial herself, the fact that he slept with a white woman awakens a deep, complicated anger that Drew has held inside her for years. Flipper is also the target of withering scorn from his father, a fundamentalist preacher. On Angie’s side, she ends up suffering terribly for awakening the violent hatred toward blacks that is deeply ingrained in her working class neighborhood.
For most filmmakers, all this would be enough. But Lee steps back from the love story to give us the bigger picture. We get a good, long look at Flipper’s family. His brother, Gator, is a crack addict. Gator shows up at his parents’ house looking for cash. The mother doesn’t have the strength to deal with her wayward son. The father is only interested in passing judgment. Flipper would like to just forget about Gator, but later in the film the mother insists that her successful son go find his addict brother. This forces Flipper to leave the comfortable world of Manhattan professionals, and to face a side of the city that frightens him. Some people may feel that all this is an unnecessary distraction. In fact, I think this context is crucial. The film isn’t just about Flipper and Angie. It’s also about the world they inhabit.
The offices in Manhattan, the crash pad for crack addicts, Harlem, Bensonhurst, Soho. These are all part of Spike Lee’s New York. Though some of the scenes he shows us are brutal to watch, Lee’s love for the city he lives in illuminates the film. Working with cinematographer Ernest Dickerson, he frames and lights the various neighborhoods to capture the character of each. And you can tell how deeply he loves his city by the fact that he’s willing to embrace both the beauty and the horror. If at times his images are bathed in a sentimental glow, there are other times where he brings us face to face with the city’s darker side, and his gaze is unflinching.
In the end, Flipper and Angie decide they have no choice but to return to their neighborhoods, return to their homes, and try to rebuild their lives. This is not a fairy tale. They can’t escape the world they live in.
Posted on November 8, 2012, in New York and tagged Ernest Dickerson, New York, Spike Lee. Bookmark the permalink. 8 Comments.
While I don’t think this is the most accomplished of Lee’s films, I found his attempt to express his sensibility towards Brooklyn through fusing the overheated lens of late 1950s Ross Hunter/Alfred Zugsmith Universal Pictures melodramas with jagged musical and visual improvisation really intriguing. It’s rather sad that the meta-cinematic subtext really wasn’t discussed in the controversy surrounding the film’s release.
Actually, John, I hadn’t thought of it that way, but Lee is certainly aware of film history, and he’s adept at using Hollywood’s stylistic vocabulary. I’ll have to take another look at Jungle Fever with that in mind. I think another instance of critics ignoring Lee’s stylistic framework is Bamboozled. The film has problems, but to my mind it’s one of his richest, most interesting efforts.
Angie and Flipper didn’t work out because Flipper didn’t love her. He literally told her near the end of the film (when he broke up with her) that being with her wasn’t worth all the trouble because he didn’t love her. He told her he was only in the relationship with her because he was curious about white women. Ofcourse when that curiosity and infatuation wore off he tried once again to get back with his wife. This is very common for black men/white women couples. A lot of black men get with white women out of curiosity or because of the whole “white is right” notion, only to break up with them in the end, when the infatuation wears off. I think that was Spike’s main message in the film
I feel like you missed the whole point of the film. The relationship between Angie and Flipper didn’t work out simply because Flipper, who was married, didn’t love Angie and was only with her out of curiosity and white infatuation. He literally tells her this when he breaks up with her. Yes, the two faced racism for being together but if he cared anything about the relationship or had feelings for her he would’ve still stayed and divorced his wife, but since he didn’t love Angie and was in the relationship for the wrong reasons (curiosity), he dipped on Angie when the infatuation wore off and tried to get back with his wife (who he truly wanted to be with this whole time, and probably wouldn’t had pursued the relationship with Angie any further had she not kicked him out). I think Spike Lee was trying to point out how some black men get into these relationships with white women for the wrong reasons and how they usually end up
Thanks for your comment. Always happy to hear from someone with a different point of view.
No problem. It wasn’t really a point of view though, it’s literally what happened in the film. I’ve been reading your movie reviews, some of them I enjoyed. Also I didn’t mean to comment twice. I only made the second comment because I didnt think my first comment went through
I believe this movie is about affairs more so than interracial relationships. In the movie, we see what was once a solid happy marriage between Flipper and Drew quickly tear apart once it’s been discovered that he’s been having an affair with a white woman at work, and that’s when his life goes down hill.
Its quite obvious that Flipper’s relationship with Angie was based around curiosity and fetishization, which is one reason why the title of the film is called “Jungle Fever.” Shortly into their affair, Flipper admits to his friend Cyrus that he was having an affair with Angie because he’s “always been curious about Caucasian women.” He then later reiterate this same message to Angie before cutting ties with her.
Flipper’s direct quote before breaking up with Angie: “I give up. It’s not worth it. I don’t love you, and I doubt seriously you ever loved me. . . . Love-can-overcome-everything . . . is only in Walt Disney movies, and I’ve always hated Disney movies.”
Flip then attempts to fix things with his wife through makeup sex but she tearfully asks him to leave when they’re done. What was once a happy black family is now destroyed due to Flipper’s horrible choices, and we are left unsure whether Drew is going to divorce him or not.
What makes this movie so different from Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner is the fact that the interracial couple in Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner were a young couple who were madly inlove with eachother, but in Jungle Fever it tells the story of two people who weren’t inlove with eachother at all. In the words of Spike Lee, “Flipper and Angie are not meant to represent every interracial couple in the world. They are meant to represent two people who got together because of sexual mythology instead of love. Then they stay together because they’re pushed together. They’re outcasts. And since their relationship isn’t based on love, when things get tough, they can’t weather the storm.”
Al though Jungle Fever tells the doom interracial affair between Angie and Flipper, theres another interracial couple who shows us that interracial love is possible—Pauli and Orin. Pauli and Orin’s storyline shows hope for interracial couples. The difference between Pauli and Flipper is that Pauli genuinely liked Orin whereas Flipper only was with Angie out of curiosity.
Thanks for the detailed breakdown. Interesting to hear Spike’s take on the relationship.